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Valvular Heart Disease
Infection of the heart valve requiring immediate antibiotic therapy and surgery if not responding to drug therapy.
Can be severe in patients underlying mitral valve prolapse thus requiring surgical repair.
Previously due to rheumatic heart disease which has fortunately become rare.
Severe regurgitation of the aortic valve will eventually need aortic valve replacement.
Narrowing of the aortic valve usually due to ageing and calcification. In severe cases may need TAVR or surgical valve replacement.
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